29 September 2006

Canadian Plains people more sophisticated than previously thought

For the First Nations plains people who inhabited the reaches of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, growing cultural sophistication was not merely the result of European contact, but was rather an indigenous development, suggests a Canadian archaeological review.
A new archaeological study published by the Canadian academic suggests that the ancestors of modern First Nations people living on the Plains were more sophisticated than previously thought.
Dale Walde, an archaeologist at the University of Calgary, proposed a theory in a recent publication of World Archaeology, a respected academic journal, that the Canadian Plains people possessed a higher level of tribal social structure than is conventionally believed they possessed at that point in their history.[...]
Source

28 September 2006

Oxford wants to join studies on Iran's salt men

The director of an archaeological team working at the Chehrabad Salt Mine in the Hamzehlu region near Zanjan said that a group of Oxford University archaeologists is interested in participating in the study on the salt men found at the mine, MNA said.
“A group of Oxford University archaeologists has prepared a plan, asking to participate in the study, and the Center for Archaeological Research is investigating the plan,” Abolfazl Aali told the Persian service of CHN on Wednesday. “The archaeologists will be invited to the project if their plan is approved by the center. The collaboration would be a good experience for both sides,” he added. Last year, pieces of clothing and DNA samples from three of the four ancient salt men were sent to Oxford University for carbon-14 dating.[...]
Source

Archaeology dig planned for Public Lands Day

Get your hands dirty this Saturday at the Roseburg Bureau of Land Management office for the 13th annual National Public Lands Day. Join the BLM and the Umpqua National Forest in an archaeology project taking place from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. behind the Roseburg BLM office at 777 N.W. Garden Valley Blvd. Volunteers will screen soil already removed from an archaeology site near Colliding Rivers in Glide and uncover artifacts, bones and stone tools. There will also be an atlatl throwing class -- lessons in the ancient art of spear hunting.[...]
Source

27 September 2006

Archaeological study on sunken slave ship in Mauritius

An archaeological study was launched Tuesday on the sunken vessel "Coureur" involved in the 1821 illegal slave trade, off the coasts of Pointe-aux-Feuilles, south-east of Mauritius, official sources said.
An official of the Arts and Culture Ministry here said the study should lead to a better understanding of the history of slave trade in Mauritius. "Several organisations, including the Council of Mauritian Museums, the National Heritage Fund, the Society for Maritime Conservation of Mauritius and the Egyptian government support this project," the official added. The study is headed by Ibrahim Ahmed Metwalli Mohamed, a maritime archaeologist with the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Egypt. Submarine archaeologists Yann Von Arnim, a Mauritian and Nicolas Bigourdan, from France, are to join in the team by mid-October for the study expected to end 15 December. About 1,500 objects were retrieved from the sunken ship during an archaeological study last year.
Source

Ghor archaeological site gets a JD20,000 face-lift

An archaeological site featuring several ancient sugar mills in Southern Ghor is getting a JD20,000 face-lift as part of a Department of Antiquities (DoA) reconstruction project. A JD1 million museum is also expected to open in the area in the coming months. "The sites show evidence that people from old civilisations lived in this area, which was known for growing and processing sugar," said Imad Drous, DoA director in Southern Ghor. The sugar mills were originally constructed during the Ayyubid-Mamluk period some 500 to 800 years ago. Drous says the reconstruction is providing 40 jobs for local residents and will help improve their social and economic conditions.[...]
Source

Archaeologist Claims Jerusalem Temple Treasures Have Returned Home

A British archaeologist says he has conclusive evidence that the treasures of the ancient Jewish Temple in Jerusalem are in fact hidden in the Holy Land, and not buried deep in Vatican vaults as previously assumed.
Dr. Sean Kingsley told The London Times that he is "the first person to prove that the Temple treasures no longer languish in Rome." Relying on writings from the first century AD, Kingsley has searched for years for proof that the splendor of King Herod's Temple, destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD, was removed from Rome and returned to the biblical Land of Israel in the fifth century AD.[...]
Source

26 September 2006

Tibet-Ausstellung in Essen

Mönchen ist die Schönheit ihrer Kunstwerke egal. Mandalas und Gottesbilder sind nur Vehikel auf dem Pfad der Erleuchtung. Erstmals leuchtet die buddhistische Kunst mehrerer Jahrhunderte in Deutschland.Um es gleich zu sagen: Dies ist eine so außergewöhnliche, verwirrend fremdartige wie unmittelbar anziehende und nachwirkende Schau. Natürlich wäre es vermessen zu glauben, man könne die rund 1500 Jahre währende, auch heute ungebrochen lebendige Geschichte und Kunst des Buddhismus in Tibet mit einer sorgfältig zusammengestellten, kostbaren Ausstellung sozusagen auf einmal umfassen. Und noch vermessener wäre es anzunehmen, mit einem ausführlichen Besuch in der pompösen ehemaligen Industriellen-Villa in Essen sei man in Formen und Wesen dieser an Aspekten überreichen Kultur schon genug eingedrungen.[...]
Quelle
http://www.tibet-villahuegel.de/

Lagerplatz steinzeitlicher Jäger entdeckt

Knochen, Feuersteinsplitter und Holzkohlereste in Herdstelle enthalten - Datierung auf Grenze zwischen Alt- und Mittelsteinzeit "Bedeutende Steinzeitfunde" hat das Südtiroler Landesamt für Bodendenkmäler am Montag gemeldet. Am St. Felixer Weiher in der Gemeinde Unsere Liebe Frau im Walde südlich von Meran wurde ein steinzeitlicher Jägerlagerplatz mit Herdstelle bei Bauarbeiten entdeckt.Sichergestellt wurden zahlreiche Knochen, Feuersteinsplitter und Holzkohlereste. Die Archäologen datierten die Funde in die Übergangsphase von der Altsteinzeit zur mittleren Steinzeit (zwischen dem 10. und 8. Jahrtausend vor Christus). Für diese Zeitabschnitte gebe es für Südtirol keine Daten aus archäologischen Ausgrabungen.[...]
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Die Himmelsscheibe wurde bereits in der Bronzezeit untersucht

Das Material der 3600 Jahre alten "Himmelsscheibe von Nebra" ist bereits in der Bronzezeit von mehreren Handwerkern untersucht worden. "Das beweisen unsere Forschungen auf der Rückseite der Bronzescheibe", sagte Archäologie-Chemiker Christian-Heinrich Wunderlich vom Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte (Halle).
Auf der Scheiben-Rückseite zeigt eine etwa sechs Zentimeter lange und einen Millimeter tiefe Kerbe, wie intensiv der Meister die Härte des Scheibenmaterials und die Härte seines eigenen Meißels ausprobierte.
"Die schmucklose Rückseite der Himmelsscheibe wurde von den damaligen Menschen wie eine Material-Teststrecke benutzt", so Wunderlich am Montag auf der 9. Europäischen Konferenz für zerstörungsfreie Materialprüfung in Berlin. Die Himmelsscheibe zeigt auf der Vorderseite die älteste konkrete Himmelsabbildung der Welt.[...]
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BLM relies on volunteers to record ancient rock art

At the bottom of the ridge, Inga Nagel stared at centuries-old circles and lines etched into a basalt boulder as she carefully sketched them onto a pad of graph paper.
About 40 feet above her, Ken Mears used a laptop computer to operate a laser scanning device to build a three-dimensional image of the rock art site in the Devil's Kitchen, a few miles west of Fillmore. Nearly the entire spectrum of human recording technology - from cameras to GPS to pencils - worked in concert Saturday as volunteers documented some of Utah's earliest art. While much of the work has withstood the test of time, what remains poses challenges to those trying to record the ancient spirals, sheep and squiggles.[...]
Source

Neolithic settlement area unearthed in western Turkey

Turkish archaeologists unearthed a Neolithic settlement area dating back some 8,400 years ago in the western province of Izmir, the Turkish Daily News reported on Monday.
The settlement area, discovered at the Ulucak tumulus in Izmir's Kemalpasa district, could be the oldest settlement dating from the Neolithic period unearthed to date, archaeologist Fulya Dedeoglu of
Turkey's Ege University was quoted as saying.[...]
Source

Archaeologist claims Jerusalem treasure mystery solved

British archaeologist claims to have proved that, contrary to long-held rumours, the Vatican does not hold in its vaults biblical treasure looted by the Romans from the Temple of Jerusalem.
Times Online reports that a specialist on the Holy Land, Sean Kingsley, claims to have traced the historical route of the collection, which is widely regarded as the greatest of biblical treasures and includes silver trumpets that were meant to herald the Coming of the Messiah. The trumpets, gold candelabra and the bejewelled Table of the Divine Presence were among pieces shipped to Rome after the looting in AD70 of the Temple, the most sacred building for the Jewish faith.[...]
Source

25 September 2006

9,500-year-old decorated skulls found in Syria

Archaeologists said Sunday they had uncovered decorated human skulls dating back as long as 9,500 years ago from a burial site near the Syrian capital Damascus.
“The human skulls date back between 9,500 and 9,000 years ago, (on which) lifelike faces were modelled with clay earth ... then coloured to accentuate the features,” said Danielle Stordeur, head of the joint French-Syrian archaeological mission behind the discovery. Located at a burial site near a prehistoric village, the five skulls were found earlier this month in a pit resting against one another, underneath the remains of an infant, said Stordeur.[...]
Source

Gohar Tepe was a Center for Metal Melting

Discovery of large melting furnaces used for melting metals as well as large ironstones in the eastern parts of Gohar Tepe in the northern Iranian province of Mazandaran, convinced archeologists to conclude that this part of the country was the center for melting metals about 3000 years ago.
Announcing this news, Ali Mahforouzi, archeologist and head of the excavation team at Gohar Tepe said: “Remains of ironstones and melting furnaces had previously been found in the area. However, the discoveries were not taken seriously and we continued our excavations, believing that these were left from small local kilns. After the recent discoveries of larger numbers of furnaces and big pieces of ironstones, we realized that there must have been metal foundries in the eastern parts of Gohar Tepe.”[...]
Source

3 Human Statuettes & a Winged Horse Confiscated in Fars

Four historical relics, including three human statuettes and the statue of a winged horse, were discovered and confiscated from an antique smuggler in the city of Darab, Fars province, by the Drug Task Force officers of the province’s police department.
“Experts of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of Fars province have not yet determined the exact age of these relics; however, they are most likely dated to the Achaemenid dynastic era (550 BC–330 BC),” said Shahnaz Parvizi, director of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of Darab to CHN. She also said that the experts are determined to study the statues in detail.[...]
Source

Alter Hunde-Friedhof verblüfft Forscher

Im alten Peru waren Hunde etwas Besonderes: Sie wurden in wärmende Decken gehüllt bestattet - gemeinsam mit ihren Besitzern. Sogar Leckereien für das Leben im Jenseits bekamen die Tiere mit ins Grab.Mehr als 40 Hunde haben peruanische Wissenschaftler in einer rund tausend Jahre alten Grabstätte südöstlich von Lima gefunden. Die teils mumifizierten Tiere lagen Seite an Seite mit menschlichen Mumien. Der Friedhof stammt vom Volk der Chiribaya, das von 900 bis 1350 nach Christus in dem fruchtbaren im Osmore-Tal lebte. Seit 1993 haben die Forscher schon 83 Tiere in Gräbern entdeckt.[...]
Quelle

Appeal to Iraqi Government Officials

A letter from 14 of the world's leading archaeologists to the Iraqi government pleading to protect important sites from looters.
Source

22 September 2006

"Der Barbarenschatz" wird verlängert

Weit mehr als 50000 Besucher hat "Der Barbarenschatz" seit Ende Mai ins Historische Museum der Pfalz Speyer gelockt. Dank der positiven Resonanz wird die Ausstellung verlängert. Die Besucher haben nun noch bis 12. November 2006 die Gelegenheit, den größten römerzeitlichen Metallfund Europas zu bewundern. (Historisches Museum der Pfalz, Domplatz, 67346 Speyer, Di bis So 10-18 Uhr; www.barbarenschatz.de)
Quelle

Diesjährige Grabungskampagne in Troia beendet

Die diesjährigen Ausgrabungen unter der Leitung von Prof. Dr. Ernst Pernicka in Troia (Westtürkei) wurde Ende August planmäßig beendet. Die Kampagne diente in erster Linie der Aufarbeitung des umfangreichen Fundmaterials aus den Vorjahren für die Endpublikation der Ergebnisse von 18 Jahren Troia-Forschung.[...]
Quelle
http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/troia/deu/

Israel opens ancient site near Jerusalem shrine

Israel has opened to the public an underground archaeological exhibit near Jerusalem's most sensitive shrine, drawing fire from Palestinians who say the project endangers the foundations of the holy site.
Israel's opening of an archaeological tunnel near al-Haram al-Sharif, the site of the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque where the biblical Jewish Temples once stood, sparked Palestinian anger in 1996. Sixty-one Arabs and 15 Israeli soldiers were killed in clashes.[...]
Source

18th-century treasures recovered from church remains

Archaeologists have uncovered coins, dishes, bullets, Indian jewelry and other remains of an 18th-century Catholic church rectory in suburban St. Louis, said to be one of the oldest in the Midwest.
The remains were discovered recently below a half-foot of dirt at a Florissant park, the result of a three-year excavation project of the area surrounding the former St. Ferdinand Catholic Church. The 18th-century church's remains were found at Spanish Land Grant Park in Florissant, a suburb of St. Louis which the French settled in the 1760s.[...]
Source

21 September 2006

"Lucys Tochter": Drei Millionen Jahres altes Kinderskelett gefunden

Forscher haben in Äthiopien ein 3,3 Millionen Jahre altes Skelett eines dreijährigen Urmenschen und damit die bislang ältesten Reste eines Kindes ausgegraben.
Die Skelettreste mit einem gut erhaltenen Schädel haben den Spitznamen "Lucys Tochter" bekommen, weil die Reste zur selben Gruppe der Urmenschen gehören wie die berühmte Ahnenfrau "Lucy". Forscher um Zeresenay Alemseged vom Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie in Leipzig präsentieren ihren Fund im Journal "Nature" vom Donnerstag.[...]
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20 September 2006

The Archaeology of Disease

Detailed scientific investigation of the normal and pathological human remains of past populations is the basis for bioarcheology and paleopathology. In recent times, this scientific approach is increasingly recognized as a source for understanding life and death in ancient times. Such investigations may shed light on how the interactions of humans and their environment influence disease.
The Archaeology of Disease comprehensively describes the current status of paleopathology. A classic in its field, it is written by two renowned experts, Professor Charlotte A. Roberts, a bioanthropologist, and Dr Keith Manchester, a medical practitioner, both with great expertise in osteopathology and ancient diseases. The merger of their extensive knowledge on ancient human remains has resulted in an excellent textbook that since its inception in 1983 has served as a widely used reference for paleopathologists.[...]
The Archaeology of Disease by Charlotte Roberts and Keith Manchester, 3rd ed, 338 pp, with illus, $39.95, ISBN 0-8014-4232-X, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2005.
Source

19 September 2006

Happy Birthday Ötzi

Er ist der älteste Mensch, der es je auf die Titelseite des amerikanischen Nachrichtenmagazins "Time" schaffte: "The Iceman's Secrets", prangte dort im Herbst 1992 in großen eisblauen Lettern, darüber der zerschundene Kopf einer 5300 Jahre alten Mumie: "Ötzi".
Ein Jahr zuvor hatte das Nürnberger Ehepaar Erika und Helmut Simon den Eismann bei einer Wanderung in den Ötztaler Alpen entdeckt. "Ich hab was Braunes rausschauen sehen", erinnerte sich der Franke später. Noch ahnten die beiden nicht, welcher Sensation unter dem Schneefeld schlummerte. Am Dienstag (19.9.) jährt sich der spektakuläre Fund zum 15. Mal.[...]
Quelle

New Concern Over Fate of Iraqi Antiquities

There is mounting concern among scholars that the appointment of religiously conservative Shiite Muslims throughout Iraq’s traditionally secular archaeological institutions could threaten the preservation of the country’s pre-Islamic history.
Donny George’s recent departure as chairman of the State Board of Antiquities and Heritage, and his flight to Syria with his family, is among the latest results of a transformation that began in December when a Shiite-dominated government was elected in Baghdad. The radical Shiite cleric Moktada al-Sadr, who commands his own militia, emerged with enough seats in Parliament to take control of four ministries and to create a Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.
The State Board of Antiquities and Heritage, traditionally under the Ministry of Culture, now reports to this new ministry as well.[...]
Source

Eagle Mountain working to protect petroglyph sites

It would be easy to hike a hill in Eagle Mountain and miss seeing one of the oldest and most unique petroglyphs in Utah because it's under your feet.
City planners and developers in Eagle Mountain are working to preserve one of the city's three known petroglyph sites and bring it to public attention. The site has etchings that are about 2,000 years old, according to rock art experts, and will be part of designated open space in a new Eagle Mountain Ranches development. "I see this as the first step in this area in really recognizing the importance of the rock art that's here," said Nina Bowen, a member of the board of directors for the Utah Rock Art Research Association, at a press tour of the site Monday. "You hear all kinds of stuff about rock art in southern Utah and how wonderful and beautiful it is. Well, we've got stuff up here and it's just as great, and it's just being destroyed." City officials are keeping the exact location of the site under wraps until federal and state laws that protect archaeological sites are adopted into a city ordinance. Eagle Mountain Mayor Brian Olsen said the city hopes to adopt the laws "as soon as possible."[...]
Source

In zwei Tagen 67 Dinosaurier entdeckt

Die schiere Menge überraschte selbst die Experten: Innerhalb von nur zwei Tagen haben Paläontologen in der Wüste Gobi 67 Dinosaurier-Skelette freigelegt. Die Überreste der Papageienechsen genannten Saurier-Spezies werden nun in der Mongolei und den USA untersucht.
Die Wüste Gobi ist für Paläontologen die reinste Fundgrube. 1922 wurde hier das erste Exemplar einer Dinosaurierart namens Papageienechse freigelegt - und jetzt haben Forscher innerhalb einer Woche 67 Dinosaurier-Skelette ausgegraben. Zwei Teams von der Technischen Hochschule in der Mongolei und der US-amerikanischen Montana State University waren im Abstand von ein paar Tagen zwei Mal in die Wüste gefahren und fanden von Sonnenaufgang bis Sonnenuntergang Dutzende Skelette.[...]
Quelle

Karun-2 Dam continues tragedy of cultural destruction at ancient Izeh

A new tragedy is unfolding for the ancient sites of the Izeh region, as the Energy Ministry plans the construction of the Karun-2 Dam on the Sussan Plain in Khuzestan Province.
The Khuzestan Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department (KCHTD) recently sent a letter to the Energy Ministry requesting its officials begin archaeological studies before the project becomes operational on the Sussan Plain, where many Elamite, Parthian, Achaemenid, and Sassanid era sites are located.
“The studies, which will evaluate the cultural significance of the site, should be carried out by the Energy Ministry,” KCHTD director Sadeq Mohammadi told the Persian service of CHN on Monday.[...]
Source

18 September 2006

Der deutsche Terrakotta-Krieger

Ein Kunststudent aus Stuttgart hat sich perfekt verkleidet unter die Soldaten der weltberühmten Terrakotta-Armee gemischt. Die Polizei war nicht erfreut - als sie ihn endlich gefunden hatte.Der 26-Jährige Student Pablo Wendel hatte sich einen dunkelbraunen Kampfanzug komplett mit Tunika und Helm gebastelt. So verkleidet mischte er sich im Museum der Stadt Xian unter die mannsgroßen Tonsoldaten, die in riesigen unterirdischen Kammern den toten Kaiser schützen sollten.[...]
Quelle

Receding reservoir exposes archaeological sites

The expanding shoreline of the drought-stricken Toledo Bend Reservoir is raising more than just the ire of recreational users frustrated with the limited access and hazardous conditions.
It's also elevating the concerns of state archaeologists who have learned the exposed lake bottom has become a drawing card for curiosity seekers in search of archeological treasures hidden underneath the water's surface for the past 40 years.
Many people don't realize it is illegal to excavate or remove items from state-owned lands, including exposed riverbeds and lakebeds, said Jeff Girard, regional archaeologist on staff at Northwestern State University in Natchitoches. "It tends to get worse when there is easy public access such as what you find now on Toledo Bend. But we're trying to educate the public as much as we can," Girard said.[...]
Source

15 September 2006

Computer hunt for rock carvings

A new imaging technique is helping archaeologists to find, interpret and conserve rock carvings in digital formatThe technology that archaeologists and ICT researchers have recently adopted is called “structured light”. It is a method that quickly and easily reads off the three-dimensional shape of an object with the aid of a camera and a video projector. The images are transferred to a computer, which constructs a detailed three-dimensional model of the object. The method is normally used in reverse engineering, the process of making a 3D computer model of an existing physical object. It has also been used for product quality control, for example in the engineering industry.[...]
Source

UA archaeologist helps ID writing as Americas' oldest

A series of symbols inscribed 2,900 years ago on a stone unearthed in Veracruz, Mexico, represents the oldest evidence of writing ever discovered in the Americas, according to a paper published today in the journal Science.
University of Alabama archaeology Professor Richard Diehl, one of the paper's authors, said carvings on the 26-pound slab are the product of the Olmec civilization, believed to be the first civilization in the Americas.
The slab, known by researchers as the "Cascajal Block," was found by road builders in the late-1990s. It is carved from the mineral serpentine, a grayish-green stone. It includes 62 distinct symbols, some of which are repeated. The researchers date the symbols to about 900 B.C. The form of writing it contains was previously unknown to scholars.[...]
On the Net For a feature on Diehl and his research published in the February 2006 edition of UA's research magazine:
http://research.ua.edu/archive2005/anthropology.html
Source

Vermutlich älteste Schrift Amerikas entdeckt

Mexikanische Archäologen haben in Veracrux im Südosten des Landes die bisher vermutlich älteste Schrift des amerikanischen Kontinents entdeckt. Das berichtete das Fachmagazin "Science" am Donnerstag.
Demnach sollen die Zeichen, die auf einem 21 mal 36 Zentimeter großen und zwölf Kilogramm schweren Steinblock gefunden worden sind, aus dem ersten Jahrtausend vor Christus stammen. Bisher galten die Funde in der Ruinenstätte San Andrés im Bundesstaat Tabasco von etwa 650 vor Christus als älteste Schriftzeichen der Neuen Welt. Die nun entdeckten Symbole sollen noch älter sein.
Veracrux liegt wie San Andrés im Gebiet der präklassischen so genannten Olmekenkultur, die sich seit 1500 vor Christus an der mexikanischen Golfküste entwickelte und als die älteste Hochkultur Mesoamerikas gilt.[...]
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Griechen wollen Argonautenfahrt wiederholen

Griechische Archäologen und Schiffbauer haben das mythologische Argonauten-Schiff "Argo" nachgebaut und wollen jetzt die Fahrt des Sagenhelden Iason (Jason) wiederholen.
Zusammen mit 50 Begleitern reiste Iason in der frühen Antike von der griechischen Hafenstadt Volos (damals Iolkos) nach Kolchis am Schwarzen Meer (heute Georgien), um das Goldene Vlies - ein sagenhaftes Widderfell - zu erbeuten. Die "Argo" wird an diesem Sonntag vom Stapel laufen und in den kommenden Monaten zunächst mehrere Probefahrten absolvieren, wie der Stadtrat von Volos am Donnerstag bekannt gab. Die Reise nach Georgien werde voraussichtlich im Sommer 2007 angetreten.[...]
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14 September 2006

Neandertaler-Festung im Süden Europas

Nach und nach verdrängte der moderne Mensch den Neandertaler aus Mitteleuropa. Seine letzte bislang bekannte Spur fanden Wissenschaftler nun auf dem Felsen von Gibraltar, wo er offenbar länger gelebt hat als irgendwo sonst.
Es war das Ende des alten Europa. In einer Höhle im Felsen von Gibraltar mit Blick auf das Mittelmeer lebten die letzten Neandertaler. Ausgrabungen in der Gorham's Cave am südlichsten Punkt des Kontinents zeigen, dass Neandertaler mindestens bis vor 28.000 Jahren die Höhle als Behausung nutzten, möglicherweise sogar bis vor 24.000 Jahren. Es ist damit die letzte bislang bekannte Spur der einstigen Herrscher Europas, berichten Clive Finlayson vom Gibraltar Museum und seine Kollegen in einer aktuellen Online-Veröffentlichung von Nature.[...]
Quelle

Die letzte Zuflucht der Neandertaler

Die letzten Neandertaler hatten eine sonnige Zuflucht - und einen tollen Ausblick. Steinwerkzeuge aus einer Höhle in Gibraltar stellen ihre jüngsten Spuren dar. Demnach lebten Neandertaler bis vor 28.000 Jahren in Europa - lange parallel zu modernen Menschen.
Heute liegt die Gorham-Höhle gleichermaßen pittoresk wie unwirtlich am Fuße eines der bekanntesten geografischen Punkte Europas: Aus der Höhle fällt der Blick auf die Straße von Gibraltar, unten schwappt das Mittelmeer gegen den Fels. Vor mehr als 30 Jahrtausenden fiel der Blick aus derselben Höhle auf fruchtbare Küstenebene und Marsch. Wegen der Eiszeit lag der Meeresspiegel niedriger, auch an der Engstelle zwischen Europa und Afrika.[...]
Quelle
Gibraltar Museum
Jüngste Neandertaler in Gibraltar: "Nature"- Aufsatz von Finlayson et al.

Himmelscheibe brachte Mondkalender und Sonnenjahr in Takt

Sieben Jahre nach dem sensationellen Fund ist das Rätel der Himmelsscheibe von Nebra jetzt offenbar gelöst: Sie diente vor 3.600 Jahren dazu, mit einer Schaltmonat-Regel die Abweichungen zwischen Mondkalender und Sonnenjahr in Einklang zu bringen, wie der Hamburger Astronom Rahlf Hansen in der aktuellen Zeitschrift "P.M. History" berichtet. Die bronzezeitlichen Sternkundigen in Mitteldeutschland nahmen laut dieser neuen Theorie Kalenderregeln aus dem Zweistromland (Babylon) als Grundlage für diese Scheibe.[...]
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Ötzi starb innerhalb weniger Minuten

Das Rätsel um die Todesursache des berühmten Ötzi könnte einem Magazinbericht zufolge gelöst sein. Ein Team um den Bozener Pathologen Eduard Egarter-Vigl fand heraus, dass der Eismann von hinten mit einem Pfeil angeschossen wurde und auf der Stelle starb, wie das Wissenschafts-Magazin "National Geographic Deutschland" am Mittwoch vorab aus ihrer Oktober-Ausgabe berichtet. "Die Pfeilspitze durchschlug das linke Schulterblatt und traf die Hauptschlagader, die den Arm versorgt", wird Egarter-Vigl zitiert: "Jemand mit so einer Verletzung geht keinen Schritt mehr. Er verblutet innerhalb weniger Minuten."[...]
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Salvaged treasures to go on display

Ancient ceramics excavated from nine historical shipwrecks will be on display at Aquaria KLCC from Oct 1 to 31. The exhibition, entitled "Treasures of the South China Sea — A millennia of ancient trade ceramics", will also feature a 15.7-metre walk through a shipwreck model, the longest indoor shipwreck model in the nation. Apart from viewing the artifacts, visitors can also purchase them.They date back to the Sung, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.[...]
Source

Archaeological dig comes up empty for missing woman

An archaeological dig of a garage floor came up empty today for evidence of a woman missing since 1954. Police, forensic scientists and the state archaeologist sifted most of the day for clues in the disappearance of Anna Kenneway. Her family members suspect her husband, who died in 1995, may have had a hand in her disappearance. The suspicions were heightened when he poured concrete for a new garage floor at about the time she went missing. Experts found no evidence the soil beneath the garage had been disturbed.
Source

Egyptologist backs Bosnian excavation

An Egyptologist who investigated two hills in central Bosnia believed by some to be ancient pyramids on Wednesday recommended that archaeological digs be carried out there. After investigating the two hills for a week, Mohammed Ibrahim Ali, a professor of Egyptology in Cairo, said nobody should be jumping to conclusions — but having in mind everything he had seen in Visoko, his recommendations would be that "it is worth digging here." "You have to be patient. This might take decades," he said.[...]
Source

13 September 2006

Shipwreck Artefacts For Sale At Aquaria

A large number artefacts recovered from nine historical shipwrecks off the coasts of Malaysia, spanning more than 1,000 years, will be on display and put up for sale at Aquaria, Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre here next month.
The month-long event starting from Oct 1, will offer for sale items such as urns, bowls, bronze gongs, plates, Ming blue and white china with dragon and phoenix motifs, gourd bottles, Qing blue and white porcelain from the famous kilns in Jingdezhen, and teapots from Jiangsu, China. The items come with historical backgrounds.
"There is no point in buying artefacts worth thousands of ringgit just to brag about the value. What is important to me is that Malaysians buy the artefacts and learn about the history of the items," said Sten Sjostrand, managing director of Nanhai Marine Archaeology Sdn Bhd.[...]
Source

Archaeologist will speak on Maya culture

William Saturno, an archaeologist who discovered a nearly 2,000-year-old Mayan mural in Guatemala, will launch the 2006-07 Science, Technology and Society Lecture Series this fall.
Saturno, an assistant professor of anthropology at the University of New Hampshire, will speak at 7 p.m. Oct. 19 in the Arlene Schnitzer Concert Hall on "Of Creation and Kings: Illustrating Maya Origins."
The lecture series, in its 17th season, is sponsored by the Institute for Science, Engineering and Public Policy. Season tickets are available by calling 503-232-2300.[...]
Source

New museum gets $1 million in support

On the same day they pledged $1 million for the new Western Center for Archaeology and Paleontology Center, Hemet council members heard a plea from officials of the adjacent Center for Water Education asking for financial support.
At the meeting Tuesday, the council approved a proposal to commit funding for the Western Center, a regional museum and education center near Diamond Valley Lake.
The council also agreed to explore a request from the neighboring Center for Water Education, which focuses on water and water-related issues .[...]
Quelle

Director of Baghdad museum goes into exile

Donny George, the former director of the Iraqi National Museum in Baghdad and a leading conservator of Iraqi antiquities, has resigned as president of the State Board of Antiquities and Heritage and left Baghdad for Syria. In an interview with the British television station Channel 4, he said his reasons for departure were threats to his family and the impossibility of working with the current government.
George has been an important figure in Iraqi archaeology for the last 30 years. He served as one of the officials of the National Museum under the Baathist regime of Saddam Hussein when he supervised Iraq’s archaeological digs as well as the collection and study of archaeological artifacts. During the UN-sponsored sanctions after 1991, he maintained international connections with archaeologists and historians. He was responsible for safeguarding many of Iraq’s artistic treasures on the approach of the American invasion.
George was one of the first to alert the world to the dangers facing these sites and the National Museum itself brought on by the invasion. He is well regarded in the international heritage and archaeological communities.[...]
Source

Fletcher to present checks to Behringer

The Behringer-Crawford Museum in Covington's Devou Park will hold an invitation-only reception from 5 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. on Wednesday. Governor Ernie Fletcher will speak at 5:30 and present checks totaling $2.79 million to the museum.
These state monies include: $1.5 million through the state budget from Community Projects Development Funding, $79,000 Trails Grant and $500,000 TEA 21 Funds.
With the state money, plus $500,000 from a private foundation, the museum is able to complete the final phase of construction of the 15,000-square-foot expansion project.[...]
Source

12 September 2006

Exkursion der Archäologen in die Türkei

Neue Medien, Interaktivität, SMS oder Blogs sind für viele im Privatleben inzwischen ganz selbstverständlich. Wie man sie aber auch für eine traditionelle Lehrveranstaltung der Klassischen Archäologie gewinnbringend einsetzen kann, das testet die Medienstelle des Fachbereichs Geschichts- und Kulturwissenschaften (FB 04) an der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen noch bis zum 14. September 2006 während einer Exkursion in die Türkei unter der Leitung von Prof. Dr. Wolfram Martini. In Zusammenarbeit mit Sabine Scheele (s2w3.com) entstand der innovative Internetauftritt www.tourkei2006.de. Dort finden die Studierenden - und alle Interessierten - archäologische und praktische Informationen zum Reiseziel. Der Clou: die Arbeit wird während der Exkursion fortgesetzt.[...]
Quelle
http://www.tourkei2006.de

6. Dortmunder DEW21-Museumsnacht

Bereits zum sechsten Mal findet die Dortmunder DEW21-Museumsnacht statt. Am Samstag, 16. September, können sich Besucher ab 16 Uhr bis 2 Uhr nachts aus mehr als 500 Einzelveranstaltungen ihr persönliches Programm zusammenstellen. Angeboten werden Konzerte, Comedy, Führungen, Lesungen, Ausstellungen und Mitmachaktionen für jede Altersstufe. Eines der beteiligten Häuser ist das Museum Adlerturm, das sein Museumsnacht-Programm rund um seine Sammlungen "Dortmund im Mittelalter", "Archäologie" und "Stadtgeschichte" gestaltet.[...]
Quelle
http://www.dortmunderdewmuseumsnacht.de

Skeletons of bloodiest day

Skeletons bearing marks of horrendous sword injuries have been unearthed beneath a North Yorkshire hall.
The victims of a medieval battle were discovered beneath the floor of the dining room of Towton Hall, between Tadcaster and Sherburn-in- Elmet, dating from the Battle of Towton in 1461.
The discovery was made as part of a ten-year investigation into the archaeological evidence of the longest and bloodiest battle ever fought in England.
Taking place on Palm Sunday, March 29, 1461, the Lancastrian army was handed an enormous blow with its leader, King Henry VI, forced to flee. He was defeated by the self-proclaimed Edward IV.[...]
Source

Shipwreck history part of presentation

An archaeologist for the Queen Anne’s Revenge Shipwreck Project, will discuss some of the shipwrecks and submerged sites in North Carolina during a History à la Carte at the North Carolina Museum of History in Raleigh.
Chris Southerly will go over the time frame from prehistoric canoes to the vessel believed to be the pirate Blackbeard’s flagship. Since 1967 the N.C. Underwater Archaeology Branch has documented more than 5,000 and examined more than 800 submerged sites.
The ship believed to be the Queen Anne’s Revenge was found in Beaufort Inlet 1997 and efforts since that time have focused upon verifying the ship’s origin and retrieving artifacts like canons.
The program, Four Decades of Underwater Archaeology in North Carolina, will be held Oct. 11 at 12:10 p.m. Bring a lunch; beverages will be provided.
Source

Oottupura Malika: A monumental neglect

A portion of the gigantic Oottupura Malika (dining hall), situated next to Sree Poornathrayeesa temple, needs immediate attention of the State Government. The northern end of the main Oottupura Malika is a gigantic nalukettu with a spacious nadumuttam (central courtyard). The nadumuttam can accommodate nearly 500 people at a time. The two-storeyed building around this nadumuttam has many spacious rooms with doors and windows. During the royal reign this oottupura was used for feeding thousands of people. Later it became a part of Sree Poornathrayeesa temple under the control of the Cochin Devaswom Board.[...]
Source

Rs100m fund raised to conserve ancient Hindu temple in Punjab

The Archaeology Department in Pakistan’s Punjab province has raised a Rs 100m project to conserve Katas Raj in the province, the second most sacred Hindu religious place after Benaras in India.
The proposal will be placed before the provincial development working party for approval, official sources said yesterday. The project was announced upon the visit of Indian BJP leader L K Advani to Katas Raj in June last year. Accompanied by his family and ruling Pakistan Muslim League President Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Advani had laid the foundation stone of the conservation work at the temple complex.[...]
Source

Q&A: "Archaeology can provide continuous history"

Dilip K Chakrabarti is professor of South Asian Archaeology in Cambridge University. In New Delhi recently for the launch of his latest book, The Oxford Companion to Indian Archaeology, Chakrabarti speaks to Avijit Ghosh:
What is your latest book all about?
The Oxford Companion to Indian Archaeology distils the historical content of the archaeological data of the subcontinent from Stone Age to 13th century AD. It outlines all the relevant archaeological and historical problems regarding this vast timespan. It demonstrates that the history of ancient India can be written purely using archaeological sources.[...]
Source

Stonehenge open day for Excavations

A team of 100 British archaeologists have been carrying out excavations as part of a seven-year Riverside Project at Woodhenge, Durrington Walls and Stonehenge Cursus to find out more about the sites and their links with Stonehenge in the 26th Century BC.
According to the
Salisbury Journal, the public were invited to attend excavation open days over the weekend which included tours of the site, the opportunity to meet the archaeologists, and re-enactments of life 4,000 years ago.[...]
Source

Human skull found in Santa Fe County

A crew digging up a drainage culvert has unearthed a human skull in Pueblo Canyon near an old wastewater treatment plant in Santa Fe County.
State police Lieutenant Eric Garcia says authorities don’t know if the skull is ancient or recent.
Garcia says the US Bureau of Indian Affairs and local pueblos were notified of the discovery on Thursday. Garcia says the state Office of the Medical Investigator is examining the skull. He says the findings will be handed over to the University of New Mexico for an archaeological evaluation.
Source

11 September 2006

Dig unearths evidence of Neolithic partying

Stonehenge visitors had the opportunity to get a glimpse of what life was like in Britain more than 4,000 years ago over the bank holiday weekend.
A team of 100 archaeologists, from various universities around Britain, along with Wessex Archaeology, has been carrying out excavations as part of the seven-year Riverside Project at Woodhenge, Durrington Walls and Stonehenge Cursus to find out more about the sites and their links with Stonehenge in the 26th Century BC.
Over the weekend the public was invited to attend excavation open days which included tours of the site, the opportunity to meet the archaeologists, and re-enactments of life 4,000 years ago. The open days were a great success with over 2,000 people turning up to see what the team had unearthed.[...]
Source

Jadeworks Exhibition:A rare treat for all

In celebrating the nation’s 25 anniversary, the National Institute of Culture and History, through the Museum of Belize and the Institute of Archaeology has organised an exhibition of never- before-seen masterpieces of the ancient Maya.
The exhibition entitled “ Jades of Belize,” opened Wednesday this week. It places special focus on the internationally famous Jade Head, Kinich Ahau, the Maya Sun God, discovered at Altun Ha. The Jade Head which was discovered in the 1970s at a burial site, is a precious monolithic carved jade stone weighing about seven pounds.
Among the ancient Maya elite jade was valuable and sacred and desired by all members of the social classes. It was used as jewellery, as a medium of exchange and as offering in tombs and buildings. The exhibition is the brain child of Lita Krohn, Director of the Museum of Belize and Jaime Awe, Director of the Museum of Archaeology in Belmopan.[...]
Source

New Concern Over Fate of Iraqi Antiquities

There is mounting concern among scholars that the appointment of religiously conservative Shiite Muslims throughout Iraq’s traditionally secular archaeological institutions could threaten the preservation of the country’s pre-Islamic history.Donny George’s recent departure as chairman of the State Board of Antiquities and Heritage, and his flight to Syria with his family, is among the latest results of a transformation that began in December when a Shiite-dominated government was elected in Baghdad. The radical Shiite cleric Moktada al-Sadr, who commands his own militia, emerged with enough seats in Parliament to take control of four ministries and to create a Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.
The State Board of Antiquities and Heritage, traditionally under the Ministry of Culture, now reports to this new ministry as well. “The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities wants to control Iraq’s archaeological heritage by demolishing this institution, one of the oldest institutions in Iraq,” Dr. George said in a telephone interview from Damascus. “This will be a disaster for this field, and for the cultural heritage of the country.”[...]
Source

2,000 Year Old Leather Shoes Found In China

Six leather shoes from the Han Dynasty (205 BC-220 AD), nearly 2,000 years ago, have been found at an ancient site in China's northwestern province, official Xinhua reported Friday. The shoes, are considered the oldest leather shoes found in China. The discovery of shoes also shows that history of leather shoes making in China is longer than 2,000 years. An archaeologist, who is in charge of the excavation of the ancient site, further explained about the shoes by saying that the yellow-colored shoes were made from cattle hide, with a round toe and flat sole.
Source

After 12 hours, Judge postponed trial against archaeologist and journalist

After 12 hours of deliberations last night the judgment for defamation and insult against the Spanish archaeologist Adolfo Lopez Belando and journalist Fausto Rosario Adames of the Clave Digital publication was postponed for today at 2PM.
The demand was interposed by the secretary of Tourism, Felix Jiménez, Judge Kirsi Maria Del Rosario from the National District Second Penal Court, decided to suspend the judgment until today, after hearing the exhibitions from the parts.[...]
Source

Tughlakabad Fort lies in darkness , civic officials turn blind eye

The entire one-kilometre stretch in front of the Tughlaqabad Fort on the Mehrauli-Badarpur Road has been shrouded in darkness for over a month now, thanks to neglect by civic officials.
There are 62 lights all along the fortification wall of the monument but according to the attendant there, they don’t work as the electric cable has developed a fault.“A new cable is needed to rectify the problem but the DDA has not provided us even after repeated requests. They tell us that they are in the process of putting out a tender for the cable,’’ said Shopali Singh Yadav, the guard posted along the fort wall.[...]
Source

York County museum sells lands with Catawba Indian relics

Land that contains Catawba Indian relics has been sold to a developer despite requests from at least five archaeologists that the property be extensively surveyed first.
The 350 acres on the banks of the Catawba River was sold this year to Cherokee Investment Partners. It plans a residential and retail community called "Kanawha."
The property has been reviewed some and archaeological reports were turned over to the developer. Any sites already identified with relics will be protected, York County Culture & Heritage Museums director Van Shields said.[...]
Source

Leetonia archaeologist has fair share of interesting finds

He doesn’t have to dodge booby traps, outwit evil villains, or follow treasure maps to hoards of gold, but Leetonia resident Michael Nelson is definitely an archaeologist. And while his days may not be filled with the kind of exotic adventure featured in the Indiana Jones movies, over the last six years Nelson has been involved in his fair share of interesting finds, particularly in the last two months.
What started out as an involvement in Civil War reenactment led to volunteering on archaeological digs and has now turned into a full-time profession for Nelson, who has a masters degree in the field and is finishing up his Ph. D. while working as an historic archaeologist for Progressive Archaeological Solutions, a Salem-based firm.[...]
Source

08 September 2006

Vikings: In the end they really weren't so horrible

Raping and pillaging. Longboats and horned helmets. Beards and ginger hair. Is that all there was to the Vikings?
Certainly the people who came from what is modern-day Scandinavia - Norway, Sweden and Denmark - and travelled to Scotland over 1200 years ago leaving their homes behind them, must have had more about them than a taste for beer and hunks of animal flesh. Yet this is the way many people today think of Vikings.It's hardly surprising when you think of the way they're portrayed on film and television. And even though there's a variety of evidence available when studying Viking Scotland including language, place-names, documentary sources, oral tradition and archaeology - there are still many questions unanswered.[...]
Source

Artifacts' discovery kept quiet

An archaeological report that shows significant findings at the former Norwich Hospital site wasn't publicized by town or state officials because of a concern the site might be disturbed by people looking to profit from artifacts. State Archaeologist Nicholas Bellantoni said the site, which the report calls rare and important because of more than 8,800 artifacts being discovered on one part, could be a target for people digging.
He said he didn't want to lose any archaeological information it might contain. "This is a very sensitive thing and a very controversial thing," Bellantoni said.[...]
Source

Major archaeological dig for X-museum site

ONE of the biggest archaeological digs in Liverpool's history is to start next month to clear the way for construction of the city's controversial new X-museum.
Part of the existing Museum of Liverpool Life is to be demolished and excavated to uncover the city's earliest surviving lock gates, which date back to 1803.
The seven-week dig will pave the way for construction of the £65m Museum of Liverpool, which has caused controversy because of its unconventional shape, to start in December.
It comes as the Victorian Society last night urged the council to reject plans for Neptune's multi-million pound development on adjoining Mann Island.[...]
Source

Historic site turning into temple theme park

The bricklayers are paid $1.35 a day to rebuild the ancient ruin: a small, 13th century temple reduced by time to little more than its foundation.
But they have no training in repairing aged monuments, and their work has nothing to do with actually restoring one of the world's most important Buddhist sites. Instead, using modern red bricks and mortar, they are building a new temple on top of the old.They work from a single page of drawings supplied by the government. Three simple sketches provide the design for a generic brick structure and a fanciful archway. No one knows, or seems to care, what the original temple looked like. Nearby are two piles of 700-year-old bricks that were pulled from the ruin. The bricklayers use them to fill holes in the temple.[...]
Source

"Pyramids" discovered in Ukraine

Ukraine may be thousands of miles away from Egypt, but archaeologists there say they have found pyramids.
It is claimed that the monuments have been uncovered in the east of the country and that they predate the pyramids in Egypt. But the claim that there is evidence of pyramids is being disputed. The prestigious Academy of Sciences has sent its own expert to the dig. It believes that this could be the Ukrainian version of Stonehenge.[...]
Source

Bookreview: Kashmir Archaeology

A good read for those interested in history and archeology, Naveed Ahmad reviews
“Kashmir Archaeology” is authored by a learned archeologist Iqbal Ahmad. The writer has already won lurels from his readers for his earlier books “Discoveries of Kashmir, A Guide to Archeological Monuments, Greek Kashmir and Guide to State Museum”. These books gained a lot of popularity in the whole valley. A number of students of many established institutions used these books in their respective academic projects. The fresh book on Archeology is expected to bring more reorganization to the learned author. The story of Archeological Discoveries and Studies is very old. It was during Maharaja Gulab Singh that Europeans who arrived in this land were thrilled by the Archeological glory of the land. They felt the influences of their ancestors in a such wonderful but a distant land. The curiosity and passion for rediscovery of this land made them more restless.[...]
Source

07 September 2006

Highland archaeology event plans

Plans for this year's celebration of Highland archaeology and culture have been unveiled.
The programme for the 13th Highland Archaeology Fortnight has been published with details of 156 events. The two week event takes place between Saturday 30 September and Sunday 15 October and attracts participants from around the UK.[...]
Source

The nitrogen the Vikings left behind

Discovering ancient settlements is often rather hit and miss, but the odds would be improved with a bit of chemical analysis. Plants growing over old sites of human habitation have a different chemistry from their neighbours, and these differences can reveal the location buried ruins.
Plants mostly take in nitrogen from the soil as the isotope nitrogen-14, with just a dash of nitrogen-15. Plants growing above archaeological sites in Greenland, however, seem to have absorbed a larger dose of nitrogen-15.[...]
From issue 2568 of New Scientist magazine, 09 September 2006, page 19
Source

ASI hopes Metro dig in S Delhi will reveal hidden history

The Metro is set to go underground on the south Delhi route right upto Mittal farms and well clear of the Qutub Minar after the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) voiced its reservations over the Metro going elevated along what is a very heritage-rich stretch.
Even though the Metro will now be going underground, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) will be bound by stringent ASI-framed conditions before it is given clearance.[...]
Source

Indian artifacts, thousands of years old, found on Norwich Hospital property

An archaeological survey at the Norwich State Hospital site reports findings of what could be a historically significant American Indian village on the property where Utopia Studios plans to put a $1.6 billion development. Preston First Selectman Bob Congdon said the report won’t slow or halt Utopia’s plan for the site, though the report calls the site rare and urges it be preserved.[...]
Source

06 September 2006

Garbage plant near Church complex upsets archeologists

The local office of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has expressed concern over the state government's proposal to set up a garbage treatment plant on the outskirts of the Old Goa Church complex.
ASI authorities have alerted its top bosses in New Delhi and opined that the state government's plan may not be very conducive to the World Heritage site at Old Goa.Old Goa, about 15 kms from Panaji, is the seat of a complex of ancient churches, monasteries and convents renowned for their unique architectural style and loftiness.[...]
Source

Athen bekommt Fragment des Parthenon-Tempels von Uni Heidelberg

Griechenland hat von der Universität Heidelberg ein 2500 Jahre altes Fragment der Parthenon-Skulpturen zurückbekommen. Es handele sich um Teile eines Marmor-Fußes, sagte der griechische Kulturminister Georgios Vulgarakis am Dienstag in Athen. Das zehn Zentimenter große Stück gehört zu einem Relief des Nordfrieses des Parthenon-Tempels. Das Fragment wurde wahrscheinlich im 19. Jahrhundert von einem Besucher der Athener Akropolis entwendet und erstmals 1871 an der Universität in Heidelberg erfasst. "Es wurde als Souvenir benutzt", sagte die Leiterin der Akropolis-Anlage, Alkistis Horemi. Das Wort "Parthenon" sei auf griechisch in das Fragment hineingeritzt worden.[...]
Quelle

Mystery of graves 2,000 years old

Three bodies have been found buried on disused ground in Welwyn. The skeletons - which could be 2,000 years old - were found by archaeologists at the bottom of a hole, nearly three metres below the surface. One looked as if it had been tumbled into too small a grave. Another was face down, its neck bent sharply, a large stone laid on its top, and lower legs crossed, possibly having been tied together.
Its left side above the knee had been dug away for the third grave.Members of Welwyn Archaeological Society made the discovery at a former allotments site alongside Welwyn's Roman road, which runs from St Albans to Colchester.[...]
Source

Two Ancient Mosaics on One Ancient Floor

In the Herodian quarter of the Wohl Archaeological Museum, in Jerusalem's Old City, a new finding reveals another aspect of the life of the upper class in the Second Temple period. When archaeologists were lifting a mosaic floor from one of the period houses located in the museum, they spotted an additional mosaic right under the first. This lower-level mosaic, the curators surmise, was the original floor, but it was covered and "upgraded" by the ancient homeowners.
Both floor mosaics are now on display at the Wohl Museum. The Herodian quarter of the museum itself is a collection of six preserved houses in a neighborhood in which lived the wealthy families and the priests of the Second Temple era. The homes open to the public, located on a hill overlooking the Temple Mount, were clearly well appointed, without compromising the holiness and purity of their location.
Source

Remains of ‘Viking’ boat discovered by archaeologists at Castlebar lake

Archaeologists working on the Castlebar sewage scheme stumbled upon what has been described by the National Museum of Ireland as a ‘significant and exciting archaeological find’. While trench testing close to Lough Lannagh they uncovered a wooden boat, believed to be medieval with a strong possibility that it could even be from the Viking period of around 1,100 years ago. Measuring 10 feet long and some six-foot wide, the boat is in reasonable condition having been preserved in a blanket of peat which covered it from once the Castlebar lake receded. It may have been used as a cargo or fishing vessel. Its discovery was made possible due to a drop in the water levels of the lake which have dropped significantly since the 1800s when water was diverted for a mill race. The Moy Drainage Scheme in the 1960s also led to a lowering of the lake levels by as much as 12 feet. The discovery was made by Olga Sheehy, who is one of a team of six archaeologists headed by licensed archaeologist, Joanna Nolan, currently working at the site.[...]
Source

05 September 2006

Archaeological finds in Via Veneto

During work on the pavements along Via Veneto in readiness for the Rome film festival which opens on 13 October, a slab of Egyptian granite, over three metres long, has been found just below the surface inside the Aurelian walls at the top of the street.
The use of Egyptian granite, such as that of the columns in front of the Pantheon, was a sign of great wealth in ancient Rome. According to Mariarosaria Barbera, a state archaeological inspector, the slab could therefore be part of the northern monumental entrance to the Horti Sallustiani.[...]
Source

Stone Man Walking

SCA chief Dr. Zahi Hawass on the final journey of Ramses II
In February 1996, a UNESCO-organized conference projected that many of Egypt’s archaeological sites will have completely deteriorated within 200 years. Dr. Zahi Hawass, head of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), disagrees: “I believe that the situation in Egypt is even more critical.”
With the host of problems threatening the remnants of Pharaonic civilization, he estimates that much of Egypt’s cultural history could be gone in half that time.
Easily the most publicized of his efforts to preserve Egypt’s past was last month’s move of the 11-meter-tall statue of Ramses II from Downtown to the site of the new Grand Egyptian Museum being built near the Pyramids.[...]
Source

Monuments restored or patched up?

The Archaeological Survey of India's efforts to give Delhi's two world heritage monuments a new look have not found favour with conservationists.
Most of the Qutub Minar's buff sandstone has been replaced with pink blocks up to the first storey while the Humayun Tomb has patches of new marble and light-pink sandstone slabs all over. Conservationists say this is against international conservation norms for heritage sites. The norms require that the authenticity of the structures is maintained.[...]
Source

Police seize 246 archaeology pieces

A smuggler with 246 ancient treasures which he wanted to take out of the country was seized in the southern city of Amara. The pieces were among some of the finest in the country, a police statement said.
Archaeologists examining the treasures believed the smuggling of the pieces would have constituted a great loss to the country’s Mesopotamian heritage, according to a police statement on the seizure. It said the smuggler, who was not identified, had links with “middlemen” inside the country and abroad. “The haul includes pieces dating back to the Sumerian era. There are cylinder seals of different shapes and materials, stone and bronze statues, glazed pots as well as silver coins,” the statement said. Iraqi archaeologists who examined the treasures said the seizure sends an alarming signal rather than a reassuring one.[...]
Source

AP site yields new Buddhist school based on goddess

Archaeological explorations at a tiny village in Andhra Pradesh’s West Godavari district by the Archaeological Survey of India have led to a find that could have major implications for the study of Buddhism. The ASI archaeologists have come across an inscription from the first century AD that makes a mention of the Dakiniyana (Dakini is the name of the goddess, yana means school). This is said to be the first mention of the school based on a goddess, predating other mentions by about 700 years. The inscription was discovered at a site that the ASI is excavating 42 km from Vijayawada and 70 km from Guntur in the Amaravathi belt that is world renowned for its Buddhist sites.[...]
Source

04 September 2006

With remote sensing, ASI plans return to Nalanda

In what could be its biggest excavation project in recent times, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is formulating a conceptual plan to resume excavations in Nalanda, one of the world’s ancient seats of learning located in modern Bihar, after a gap of two decades.
History-sheeters can be cops in UPScholars demand access to Gandhi’s lettersSelling for a songBJP, Sena stall RS over Vande MataramToronto museum awaits return of Nizam’s slippers.
Excavations were first carried out in Nalanda in pre-independent India between 1915 and 1937. The second time around was between 1974 and 1982. Both these excavations yielded concrete evidence of the existence of grid-locked back-to-back Buddhist prayer halls and stupas in Nalanda Mahavihara, the unique monastic university centre set up by King Kumaragupta of the Gupta dynasty between 413 AD and 455 AD.[...]
Source

Gefährliche Jagd nach Schätzen der Tiefe

Meeresarchäologen haben in diesem Jahr sensationelle Funde präsentiert - darunter Hitlers Flugzeugträger und eines der ersten U-Boote der Welt. Die Unterwasser-Archäologie hat ihren Boom der Technologie zu verdanken - die Pioniere mussten noch unter ständiger Lebensgefahr arbeiten.
Die Unterwasserarchäologie hat einen Sommer mit spektakulären Funden hinter sich. In der Ostsee wurde die "Graf Zeppelin", der einzige jemals gebaute deutsche Flugzeugträger aufgespürt. In Schweden wurde durch Zufall ein 600 Jahre altes Schiff gefunden, und in der Karibik entpuppte sich ein rostiger Stahlkasten als eines der ersten U- Boote der Geschichte. Vor Gibraltar soll der vielleicht größte Goldschatz aller Zeiten aus dem Bauch der HMS Sussex geborgen werden. In Berlin präsentierte die Ausstellung "Ägyptens versunkene Schätze spektakuläre Funde aus der Antike.[...]
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03 September 2006

Steinzeit-Höhlenmalereien in Westfrankreich entdeckt

In einer Höhle nahe der westfranzösischen Ortschaft Thorigné-en-Charnie haben Archäologen Malereien aus der Steinzeit entdeckt. Wie Ausgrabungsleiter Romain Pigeaud vom Pariser Museum für Naturgeschichte am Freitag erläuterte, wurden bisher 45 Abbildungen registriert, von denen einige mit "sehr großer Finesse" gefertigt worden seien. Der Fund in dem östlich der Bretagne gelegenen Tal des Flüsschens Erve zeige, dass es in der Steinzeit auch nördlich der Loire rege künstlerische Aktivitäten gegeben habe, betont Pigeaud.[...]
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Sagenumwobenes Heiligtum der Etrusker entdeckt

Jahrhunderte lang haben Archäologen in Mittelitalien nach den Überresten der zentralen heiligen Stätte der Etrusker gesucht - jetzt glauben Experten fündig geworden zu sein.
Etwa 100 Kilometer nördlich von Rom entdeckten Archäologen der Universität Macerata Überreste von Gräbern und Straßen sowie Bruchstücke von Vasen, berichtete die italienische Zeitung «Corriere della Sera» am Freitag. Außerdem fand die Gruppe Votivgaben - Weihgeschenke an die Gottheiten der Etrusker. «Alles spricht dafür, dass es sich um das Heiligtum handelt, nach dem wir gesucht haben», sagte Simonetta Stopponi, die Leiterin der Ausgrabungen.[...]
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Iron Age chamber discovered by crofter

A Major archaeological find has been uncovered by a crofter during the summer harvest in North Uist.
A 10ft-deep hole, which opened up beneath a tractor during silage-making at Port Nan Long, has been identified as an Iron Age souterrain, or underground chamber. Dr Mary MacLeod, a Western Isles archaeologist, said: "It is particularly exciting because it is so well preserved. It has lain undisturbed for 2,000 years." Dr MacLeod said she had always viewed the large mound where the find was made as probably indicative of a prehistoric settlement. "I think there has been a very large prehistoric settlement on this site, possibly over thousands of years."
Source

01 September 2006

Greece Reclaiming Plundered Heritage

Greece vowed Thursday to reclaim the country's plundered heritage after two sculptures were returned by the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. Culture Minister Giorgos Voulgarakis said their return was important "symbolically and practically."
"The days when foreign museums and private collectors were able to buy undocumented antiquities are over," he said at the National Archaeological Museum.[...]
Source

Iron Age chamber found under tractor

An underground chamber undisturbed since the Iron Age was revealed on North Uist when a 10ft hole opened beneath the wheel of a tractor.Archaeologists assessed the find at Port nan Long at the north of the island, which has been sealed off from the public.Dr Mary MacLeod, Western Isles Council's archaeologist, was delighted to declare the hole an Iron Age souterrain, or underground chamber.[...]
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We must continue to unearth the remnants of our remote past

This is in response to the views expressed by M K Koul, Chairman Karwan-i-Aman “Shadows of a forgotten past” (GK August 12 and 13 Greater Kashmir).
Koul has invited attention of the powers towards the preservation of our rich cultural heritage when the remains of the past were unearthed by Department of Archaeology under supervision of Deputy Director Archives Archaeology & Museums. Print and Electronic media highlighted these findings and people in thousands from within and out side the state visited the site. At Lethpora and Kutbal cultural material in terms of terracotta heads terracotta jewellery was exhibited where Education Minister also appreciated the efforts of the Department and instructed the department to get the cultural material unearthed from the site dated from the concerned Laboratory which instruction has not been implemented by the Department of Archaeology and Museums.[...]
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Getty-owned antiquities return home to Greece

Two ancient Greek artefacts, which were smuggled out of the country, came home on Thursday as part of an agreement with the J. Paul Getty Museum.
A 2,400-year-old, black limestone stele - grave marker - and a marble votive relief dating from about 490 BC went on display at Athens' National Archaeological Museum only hours after being flown back from Los Angeles.
They are the first installment of a deal to send back works of ancient art that were stolen from Greece and eventually bought by one of the world's richest art institutions.[...]
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